Most people think that the Victorians developed the language of flowers however, it was actually two women from Europe’s 17th century who started the trend. Lady Mary Wortley Montagu and Aubry de la Mottraye both went on trips during the Ottoman Empire and brought back their knowledge of a secret hidden language made up of flower symbolism.


In the Victorian period, Floriography was extremely popular. It was the practice of using flowers to communicate messages. Despite its waning during the latter half of the nineteenth century, floral symbolism remains current. For instance, contemporary artist Whitney Lynn created a project specifically for San Diego International Airport using floral designs with particular meanings for sentiment.

The popularity of the florature trend started in Ottoman Turkey, and was transferred to Europe by Lady Mary Wortley Montague and Seigneur Aubry De La Mottraye. Following its rise to fame, a variety of floral dictionaries were released. These included information on botanicals along with novelty items such as calendars, as well as lists of flowers with their related symbols. The meanings were derived from myths or mythology and folklore (the linkage of daffodils to egotism as an example) however, some were taken directly from flowers. As a matter of fact, the authors the works frequently referenced an Eastern culture known as Selam in their flower dictionary.

Victorian Era

The time of Victorian society, flowerography or floral language was utilized as a form of subtle communications. The system of coded botanical symbols was used for conveying love, hatred or even desire. This allowed Victorians who were governed by strict social rules and customs, to communicate their emotions by using a method that was acceptable.

In the 19th century, books regarding the meanings of flower and words were released. The nuances in this flower language can vary depending upon the kind of flower that was employed, how it was delivered, and the person that gave the flower. This nuanced expression of emotion allowed for much room to be imaginative and interpreted. Over 1,400 flowering shrubs, plants and plants are included in the floral vocabulary. Though the flower lexicon varied in different cultures but the sentiments were usually alike.

Symbolism Evolution

Since the beginning, flowers have been used to convey deep messages of respect, love, and sentiment. While the landscape changes and flowers expand in cultivation, old meanings are modified or lost, while new meanings are created.

As the flower language craze gained popularity during the 19th century England and North America, authors penned ingenuous guides and dictionaries, which linked a particular flower to its symbolic meaning. These were often extravagantly illustrated and adorned with emotional dedications.

Many of these symbols were drawn from mythology, religion and folklore. For instance, daffodils are believed to symbolize egoism. inspired by the story of Narcissus who fell in love with his own reflection while swimming in a lake. Some were inspired by the plant’s appearance or attributes. Mimosa, for instance, inspired feelings of purity as they close at night and are touch-sensitive.

Cultural Influences

The Victorian Era saw the emergence of the flower language as a discrete method of communicating. It was appropriate for hoa khai truong a society where direct verbal expression of feelings was not encouraged and etiquette was a crucial part of social interactions.

Ladies’ magazines like Godey’s Ladies’ Book featured it often. It was also a popular parlor game where players were blindfolded and picked a bloom from a vase to determine their fate, love or luck.

There were many flower dictionaries which gave each flower its specific meaning. Lexicon definitions can be varied; for example, the flowers of hyacinth were believed to symbolize beauty, however, they also symbolized the virtues of loyalty, devotion and forgiveness. The meanings for these flowers are derived from a diverse range of sources including Shakespearean literary and classical sources.


Flowers are a popular symbolism to this day. Editors, designers, writers marketing, florists and poets use it. The term is often used to refer to it as”florography,” also known as the language of flowers.

In the Victorian period, the art of floriography hit the heights of its popularity. There were hundreds of books written about flowers, plants and even plants. They included descriptions of the flowers, herbs as well as plants, along with their meanings symbolic. Other were based on legends and folklore. Daffodils’ association with self-esteem, for instance was derived from the legend of Narcissus and his obsession in his reflection.

Floral designs convey a diverse variety of messages and sentiments. It is also possible to use colors to convey different emotions. As an example, a fiery red rose is a symbol of passion and love, whereas a delicate white rose signifies the purity and innocence.